Available in both climbing and bushy forms. It is a perennial with underground rhizomes which send up new shoots at intervals. The nasturtiums received their common name because they produce an oil similar to that of watercress (Nasturtium officinale). The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Tropaeolum . Some have highly decorative marbling on the leaves. Tropaeolum majus (garden nasturtium, Indian cress, or monks cress) is a species of flowering plant in the family Tropaeolaceae, originating in the Andes from Bolivia north to Colombia. These miniature plants are ideal for containers or small gardens. The unripe seed pods can be harvested and dropped into spiced vinegar to produce a condiment and garnish, sometimes used in place of capers.[27]. Plant Name. 108: 67 (1991) Tropaeolum minus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). These miniature plants are ideal for containers or small gardens. List of various diseases cured by Tropaeolum Majus. It is mostly grown from seed as a half-hardy annual and both single and double varieties are available. Leaves peltate with lamina circular to reniform, 4–15 cm diam., margins ± sinuate, lamina glabrous, veins c. 9 and radiating from petiole; petiole 5–30 cm long. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Tropaeolum . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The genus Tropaeolum, native to South and Central America, includes several very popular garden plants, the most common being T. majus, T. peregrinum and T. speciosum. Tropaeolum majus L. Family. LT: Anon., Herb. Family: Tropaeolaceae Genus: Tropaeolum Species: Tropaeolum majus Common Names: Common Nasturtium, Garden Nasturtium, Indian Cress, It is a herbaceous annual plant with trailing stems growing to 1 meter long Leaves are large, circular with distinct veins, 3 to 15 cm in diameter, flowers are 3-6 cm diameter, with five petals, eight stamens, and long nectar spur at the … Seed from the winter growing species should be sown in the autumn while the summer growing species are best sown in the spring in well-drained compost and covered with 1 to 2 cm (0.4 to 0.8 in) of grit or sand. [30][31], Tropaeolum was previously placed in the family Tropaeolaceae along with two other genera, Magallana Cav. [21] The cultivar T. tuberosum lineamaculatum 'Ken Aslet' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Scientific Name: Tropaeolum majus Common Names: Nasturtium, Garden Nasturtium Plant Characteristics. How Tropaeolum Majus is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Bloom Color: Orange, Yellow. Nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) is a widely grown garden plant (i.e. [20], Three-coloured Indian cress (Tropaeolum tricolor) is another tuberous, climbing species grown for its attractive red, purple and yellow tubular flowers. Tropaeolum majus - L. Summary. The flower has most often been consumed, making for an especially ornamental salad ingredient; it has a slightly peppery taste reminiscent of watercress, and is also used in stir fry. Tuberous Tropaeolum species are well known for occasionally remaining dormant for one or more years. [25] Moreover, they contain up to 45 mg of lutein per 100 g,[26] which is the highest amount found in any edible plant. [8], The garden nasturtium is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the dot moth[9] and the garden carpet moth. S cientific Name – Tropaeolum majus; Common Name – Nasturtium Family – Tropaeolaceae Plant Type – Annual/Climber; Habit – Spreading; Hardiness Zone – USDA 11-12; Mature Size – Height – 12"-120" – Spread – 12"-36" Synonyms. Genus Tropaeolum can be annuals or perennials, bushy, trailing or climbing by twining stems, with simple or palmately lobed leaves and showy funnel-shaped flowers with five long-clawed petals and often a spur Details T. majus is an annual climber which will scramble over the ground or up a support. genus Tropaeolum) Linnaeus was reminded of this by the plant as the round leaves resembled shields and the flowers, blood-stained helmets. The flowers can be eaten in salads and the immature seeds pickled and used like capers. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. 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